Tibet Creates a "Three Hour Economic Circle" Centered on Lhasa

In recent years, Tibet has continuously accelerated the construction of high-grade highways, national and provincial trunk highways, and rural highways, effectively alleviating the backwardness of transportation infrastructure, and playing an important role in promoting the economic and social development of Tibet. The reporter learned from the Tibet Transportation Department that Tibet will actively build a "three hour economic circle" centered on Lhasa. Several high-grade highways, such as the Lagong Airport Expressway, Linzhi to Lhasa, Linzhi to Mirin Airport, Shigatse Airport to Shigatse City, and Zedang to Gongga, have been completed and opened to traffic.

According to the relevant person in charge of the Tibet Transportation Department, the current highway maintenance mileage in Tibet is over 83400 kilometers, including over 14000 kilometers of national highways and over 15500 kilometers of provincial highways. Rural roads are over 53900 kilometers long, including county roads of over 18200 kilometers, township roads of over 10800 kilometers, and village roads of over 18000 kilometers.

Currently, there are more than 5300 passenger vehicles in Tibet, including more than 1800 regular line vehicles, more than 3300 tourist vehicles, and more than 180 other vehicles. There are over 123900 road employees, including over 36600 in passenger transportation operations, over 66800 in cargo transportation operations, over 2500 in station (yard) operations, over 15500 in motor vehicle maintenance operations, over 220 in vehicle comprehensive performance testing station operations, over 1480 in motor vehicle driver training operations, over 100 in car rental operations, and over 460 in other related business operations. There are 89 road transportation passenger stations, including 4 at level 1, 9 at level 2, 66 at level 3, and 10 at level 5. There are 12 road freight stations, 1 at level 1, 1 at level 2, and 10 at level 3. Tibet has more than 6660 "two passenger and one dangerous" vehicles, and the installation rate of satellite positioning dynamic monitoring terminals is 80%. There are 415 passenger routes, including 10 across provinces, 77 across prefectures (cities), 148 across counties, and 180 within counties. The daily average departure of passenger routes is 596.2.

By the end of 2017, the total mileage of Tibet's highways was 89000 kilometers. Among them, 21000 kilometers of paved roads have been completed, and five passages into and out of Tibet have been fully blackened. A number of high-grade highways have been built and opened to traffic, including the Lagong Airport Expressway, Linzhi to Lhasa, Linzhi to Mirin Airport, Shigatse Airport to Shigatse City, and Zedang to Gongga. The mileage of first-class and above highways in Tibet has reached 660 kilometers. Except for Motuo, all counties in Tibet are open to oil roads, achieving 99.7% and 99.5% highway access rates for townships and organic villages.

Regarding some plans for the development of Tibet's roads during the "13th Five Year Plan" period, the person in charge stated that during the "13th Five Year Plan" period, it is planned to invest more than 540 billion yuan in the project, strive to complete more than 230 billion yuan, actively create a "three hour economic circle" centered on Lhasa, open up broken roads on national and provincial roads, accelerate the pace of road infrastructure networking, and strive to achieve high-level national highways and rural highway networking.

In addition, Tibet will strive to reach 110000 km of roads in total, more than 1200 km of first-class highway, 2300 km of second-class highway, and 65% of ordinary national roads above Class III by 2020. We will ensure that all counties have access to oil roads, all townships and administrative villages have access to roads, 90% of townships and 40% of administrative villages have access to hardened roads, and conditional natural villages and temples have access to roads. We will increase the construction of roads in tourist attractions above 3A level, major industrial parks, and resource development zones. We will fully complete the renovation of dangerous bridges and life safety protection projects, and basically eliminate the bottleneck constraints of transportation on economic and social development.

It is understood that during the "13th Five Year Plan" period, Tibet's transportation development will follow the comprehensive implementation of the five major development concepts of innovation, coordination, green, openness, and sharing, continuously promote the scientific development of transportation, solve the five major development problems of poor system, ineffective mechanism, financial security, development environment, and insufficient capacity, fully cultivate the advantages of transportation development, and vigorously promote the connection of highways, national and provincial highways, and poverty alleviation of rural roads Four major construction projects for smooth border defense roads, accelerating the construction of infrastructure networks, and focusing on improving industry governance, transportation services, and safety emergency response capabilities.

(Editor in Chief: Guo Shuang)

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