"Action Plan for Comprehensive Air Pollution Control in Autumn and Winter 2018-2019 in Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, and Surrounding Areas" was released

The Ministry of Ecology and Environment, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Public Security, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Natural Resources, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, the Ministry of Transport, the Ministry of Commerce, the Emergency Management Department, the State Administration of Market Supervision and Administration, the National Energy Administration, and the people's governments of Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, Shandong, Henan, and other provinces and cities have recently issued the Action Plan for Comprehensive Air Pollution Control, Formulate the main objectives and tasks for comprehensive air pollution control in the Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, and surrounding areas in the autumn and winter of 2018 to 2019.

The Plan states that it is necessary to fully complete the 2018 air quality improvement goal; From October 1, 2018 to March 31, 2019, the average concentration of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and surrounding areas decreased by about 3% year-on-year, while the number of days with severe and above pollution decreased by about 3% year-on-year.

The Plan points out that it is necessary to strictly control the production capacity of the "two high" industries. All localities should accelerate the preparation of ecological protection red lines, environmental quality bottom lines, resource utilization online, and ecological environment access lists, and identify prohibited and restricted industries, production processes, and industry catalogs. Complete the delineation of ecological protection red lines by the end of December 2018. Accelerate the relocation, renovation, or closure and exit of heavily polluting enterprises in urban built-up areas, and promote the implementation of a number of relocation projects for heavily polluting enterprises such as cement, glass, coking, and chemical industries. Increase efforts to eliminate and reduce production capacity in industries such as steel, coking, and building materials.

We should consolidate the achievements of comprehensive rectification of "scattered and dirty" enterprises. Local governments should establish a dynamic management mechanism for "scattered pollution" enterprises, further improve the identification standards and rectification requirements for "scattered pollution" enterprises, and resolutely eliminate the construction of "scattered pollution" projects and the relocation and resurgence of banned "scattered pollution" enterprises. By the end of September 2018, all localities will complete a new round of screening for "scattered and dirty" enterprises, and implement classified disposal based on the principle of "stopping first and then treating". For those who shut down or ban the industry, effectively implement "two cuts and three cleanups" (cutting off industrial water and electricity, removing raw materials, products, and production equipment); For integrated relocation projects, relevant approval procedures should be handled in accordance with the law and regulations; For upgrading and transformation enterprises, in-depth governance should be implemented for standard advanced enterprises, and they can only be put into operation after being reviewed and signed by relevant departments.

We need to deepen industrial pollution control. From October 1, 2018, special emission limits for air pollutants in thermal power, steel, petrochemical, chemical, nonferrous metals (excluding aluminum oxide), cement, and industrial boilers will be strictly implemented, and the upgrading and transformation of pollution control facilities in key industries will be promoted.

Accelerate the management of pollutant discharge permits. Before the end of December 2018, various cities will complete the issuance of industrial pollution discharge licenses for ceramics, recycled metals, and other industries, and include the peak shift production plan in the pollution discharge license. For industries that have completed the issuance of emission permits, cities should add relevant peak shifting production plan requirements to the emission permits by the end of October 2018. Strengthen the enforcement and punishment of certification based supervision, strengthen information disclosure and public supervision, ensure that pollutant discharging units implement the main responsibility of environmental management for discharging pollutants with certificates and according to certificates, and strictly crack down on illegal behaviors of discharging pollutants without certificates in accordance with the law.

The Plan proposes to conduct a comprehensive inspection of industrial furnaces and kilns. Cities should focus on industries such as iron and steel, nonferrous metals, building materials, coking, and chemical engineering, involving the smelting and recycling of iron and steel, casting, ferroalloys, copper, aluminum, lead, and zinc, cement, glass, ceramics, bricks, refractory materials, lime, waterproof building materials, coking, fertilizer, inorganic salt, calcium carbide, and other enterprises, in accordance with smelting furnaces, melting furnaces, sintering machines (furnaces), roasting (calcining) furnaces, heating furnaces, heat treatment furnaces, drying furnaces (kilns) There are 9 types of coke ovens, gas generators, and so on, and mesh type troubleshooting is carried out. It is necessary to closely integrate with the second pollution source census and establish a detailed management list by the end of October 2018. As of November 1, 2018, industrial furnaces not included in the management list, once discovered, will be immediately included in the autumn and winter peak shifting production plan, and production will be suspended. Develop an implementation plan for comprehensive renovation of industrial furnaces and kilns, propose rectification requirements by category, clarify time nodes and renovation tasks, and promote structural upgrading and pollution reduction of industrial furnaces and kilns in accordance with the principle of "eliminating one batch, replacing one batch, and treating one batch". At the same time, efforts should be made to eliminate substandard industrial furnaces and accelerate the replacement of clean energy.

The Plan emphasizes the need to promote staggered peak production in industrial enterprises based on local conditions. Implement differentiated peak shifting production and strictly prohibit adopting a "one size fits all" approach. Local governments focus on high emission industries such as steel and building materials, and implement staggered peak production during heating periods; According to the monthly ambient air quality prediction results during the heating period, the peak shift production time can be appropriately shortened or extended. For those who cannot stably discharge various pollutants up to standard, fail to meet the management requirements for pollutant discharge permits, or fail to complete the comprehensive treatment and transformation tasks for air pollution in the autumn and winter of 2018-2019 on schedule, comprehensive peak shift production measures shall be taken. For those that fall within the restricted category of the Guiding Catalogue for Industrial Structure Adjustment, the proportion of production restriction shall be increased or production suspension shall be implemented. Environmental protection benchmark enterprises that have significantly better performance in terms of industry pollution emissions than other enterprises in the same industry may not be subject to production restrictions, including ceramic, brick and tile, glass wool, gypsum board, rock wool, mineral wool, and other building materials enterprises that use clean energy such as natural gas, electricity, and power plant heat as fuel or heat source under the premise of guaranteed resources, and steadily meet emission standards. If peak shifting production enterprises are involved in tasks such as heating, collaborative disposal of urban garbage or hazardous waste, they should ensure basic livelihood needs.

Each province and city should formulate guidance on performance evaluation of differentiated peak shifting production in key industries. Each city should formulate a peak shift production implementation plan based on the local industrial structure and enterprise pollution emission performance, detail and implement it to the specific production lines, processes, and equipment of the enterprise, and specify specific safety production measures. By the end of October 2018, relevant provincial departments will submit the peak shifting production plan to the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Ecological Environment, and the Development and Reform Commission. Once the peak shift production list is determined, it cannot be adjusted at will. If it is indeed necessary to adjust it, it must be announced on the provincial people's government website and submitted to the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Ecological Environment, and the Development and Reform Commission.

The Plan also emphasizes the implementation of staggered peak transportation of bulk materials. Local governments should formulate peak shifting transportation plans for key vehicle companies and ports and terminals involved in the transportation of bulk materials such as steel, building materials, coking, nonferrous metals, chemicals, and mines, and incorporate them into the emergency plan for heavily polluted weather.

In addition, the Plan also puts forward specific requirements for implementing special actions for comprehensive VOCs control to effectively respond to heavily polluted weather and strengthen basic capacity building. It also proposes security measures such as strengthening organizational leadership, strengthening central ecological and environmental supervision and special atmospheric supervision, increasing policy support, fully ensuring the supply of gas and power sources, implementing strict assessment and accountability, strengthening publicity and education, and information disclosure. (Xiao Han)

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